Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a methodology for the design, construction, and management of buildings and infrastructure that relies on the creation of a digital model of a project. This model contains information of a geometric, structural, mechanical, electrical, environmental, and other nature, which can be used by all actors involved in the construction process.
The application of BIM in Europe is growing steadily. In 2023, most European countries have already adopted a national strategy for the promotion of BIM, and many of them have introduced regulations that make its use mandatory for public procurement.
The application of BIM in Spain
Spain is one of the European countries that has made the most progress in the application of BIM. In 2017, the Spanish government approved a national strategy for the promotion of BIM, which requires the use of BIM for public procurement of new construction, renovation, and maintenance works, starting from a value of 20 million euros.
The implementation of BIM in Spain has been gradual. In 2018, the use of BIM was recommended in public procurement tenders, and in 2019 it became mandatory for construction and infrastructure works.
In 2023, BIM is already being used in Spain in a variety of sectors, including public construction, private construction, civil engineering, and architecture. Several large-scale BIM projects have been completed, including the new Madrid airport and the new headquarters of the Ministry of Defense.
The application of BIM in Spain has led to a number of benefits, including:
- Improved communication and collaboration among the actors involved in the construction process: The BIM model is a shared repository of information that all actors can access in real time. This facilitates communication and collaboration between different teams and can lead to improved project quality and cost savings.
- Increased efficiency and productivity: BIM allows for the automation of many tasks that are currently performed manually, such as drawing generation, quantity surveying, and data management. This can lead to increased efficiency and productivity in the construction process.
- Improved quality and sustainability of buildings and infrastructure: BIM allows for the simulation of the behavior of a building or infrastructure before its construction. This can help to identify and resolve potential problems and improve the quality and sustainability of the work.
The challenges that Spain faces in order to further promote BIM are mainly of a cultural and training nature. It is necessary for the actors involved in the construction process to be aware of the benefits of BIM and to be able to use this methodology effectively.
The Spanish government is investing in training and innovation to promote BIM on a large scale. Several training programs have been created for construction professionals, and new BIM tools and technologies have been developed.
Spain is a leading country in the application of BIM in Europe. The spread of this methodology is leading to a significant improvement in the efficiency, quality, and sustainability of the construction sector.**
The application of BIM in Europe is an ongoing process of evolution. The advantages offered by this methodology are numerous, and its widespread use can lead to a significant improvement in the efficiency, quality, and sustainability of the construction industry.